Tag: vegetable garden

8 Cool Vegetables to Grow from Seeds

冷季蔬菜寒意不只是因为他们喜欢寒冷的温度;他们也是超级容易生长。比起我们的一些夏天的最爱,如

tomatoes, these crops are definitely on the mellow end of the maintenance spectrum.

Here are eight cool season vegetables to try that are in my Home Grown Seed Collection. This laid-back lot will provide you with fresh produce during the chilly spring

和秋天个月。每个品种是简单的从种子开始,相对无病虫害,并不需要太多的空间。

COOL季节蔬菜种子品种

Baby Broccoli ‘Aspabroc’ (Broccolini®)- 你可能从杂货店生产过道熟悉Broccolini®。嗯,这是“Aspabroc”的品牌名称。这个婴儿西兰花有一个温和的味道和芦笋样干。我种在春天,它在花园里一直持续到七月。七月!

75 days to maturity from direct seed

50 – 60 days to maturity from transplant

Broccolini®是曼包装公司,公司的注册商标。

‘Aspabroc’ baby broccoli

婴儿西兰花Aspabroc又称Broccolini

Baby Broccoli ‘Aspabroc’ is also known as Broccolini®.

白菜“Stonehead”- 这AAS奖得主确实非常好,我春天的花园,我们卖了不少当地餐馆。“Stonehead”早成熟

所以这是完美的区域,其中春季是短期或先跌冻结来得早。我喜欢紫色中提琴配对的灰绿色。
P. Allen Smith harvesting broccoli from his Home Grown Seed Collection

60 days to maturity from direct seed
45天期限从移植。

Collard ‘Bulldog’– I’ll never turn down a helping of collard greens so I plant plenty in my garden. ‘Bulldog’ is a workhorse with a high yield. It isn’t quick to bolt, which is good in my zone 7 garden where summer heat comes early.

71天到期从直接的种子

Mustard ‘Miz America’

我绝对喜欢的凉爽的天气蔬菜之一s ‘Miz America’ mustard.The taste is pleasantly mild, without bitter or spicy notes, and it maintains its gorgeous color even at a mature stage!

‘Deep Purple’ mustard has a nice spicy flavor.

Spinach ‘Imperial Green’- 如果你要成长菠菜,“御青”是为您的花园一绝。我喜欢的茎超长和

grow upright; makes harvesting very easy. You can direct sow spinach in the early spring garden before the last frost date and in late summer for a fall crop. ‘Imperial Green’ has been exceptionally heat tolerant for me.

25 – 30 days to baby leaf from direct seed
35 - 40天直接种子成熟

瑞士甜菜“薄荷”- 这是查德在漂亮的粉红色!它的茎是一个可爱的玫瑰红色,在菜园里脱颖而出。我播下春“薄荷”被依然强劲在八月初的时候温度是100度的种子。Wowza!

35 - 40天直接种子叶娃
58 – 63 days to maturity from direct seed

查德薄荷

查德“薄荷”是极其耐热的。

何时播种COOL季节蔬菜

Many people get nervous about starting plants from seeds, but these cool-season vegetables are pretty straightforward. Timing is everything. Check the maturity date on the back of the seed package and plan your sowing accordingly. For an autumn garden count back from the first frost date and for a spring garden count back from the last frost date if you are starting seeds indoors. You can direct sow collards, mustard greens, and lettuce after the last frost date. Your local garden center will have frost date information for your area.

Root crops that don’t transplant well and fast-growing vegetables like lettuce or spinach can be sown directly in the ground at the appropriate time. To get a jump start on other varieties, start the seeds indoors. This is true for spring and autumn gardens.

You can find these varieties and more in my Home Grown Seed Collection这里

加拿大种源

如果你住在加拿大,并想从我的收藏尝试这些蔬菜品种,您可以购买他们Halifax Seed Company

To learn more about planting from seed, check out my YouTube video below and subscribe to myYouTube channel保持最新从青苔山农场发生的事情和技巧!

Kitchen Garden – Plant Selection

In这一系列对菜园的第一批, I suggested several things to consider before you start the actual work, such as your garden’s climate, your budget and available time.

In this article I’ll share tips on getting your soil right, how to make irrigation easy, how to choose the right plants and protecting your harvest from wildlife.

SOIL
One of the key elements to successful gardening of any kind is good soil. If you don’t get the soil right, gardening will be a constant struggle with less than rewarding results. Most vegetable plants are rapid growers and heavy feeders so they need rich soil.

Most people are not going to have ideal soil already in place and this is where framed beds come in handy. You will recall from last week’s article that a framed bed is a bottomless box that you place on top of the ground and then add your own soil mix.

Here is the recipe I use to create the perfect growing medium in my framed beds.
装裱床土配方- 混合在这些比率以下成分一起:

  • 50% garden soil
  • 25%完全腐烂的肥料
  • 25%堆肥or humus.

从床的顶部填补这个土壤混合物的框床铺至约2英寸,刚好足够的空间,这样你就可以抱膝你厨房园林植物的选择提出了床plants in and add a layer of mulch. You can order soil, manure, and compost to be delivered by the cubic yard or for smaller beds you can use bagged material. One cubic yard covers about 100 square feet 3″ deep. My raised beds are 4 feet by 4 feet or 16 square feet and 12″ deep, so I used a little over 1/2 a cubic yard of soil for each bed.

PRIMARY NUTRIENTS
名佳花园土壤中含有的营养物质和微量元素,是帮助你的植物生长的健康的量。现在我不希望这个过于简单化,但一般食品的你给植物的量取决于,除其他事项外,它的年龄和你有土壤的类型。植物需要大量的氮,磷和钾。这些都是对化肥袋,由3个数字表示背面列出的3个元素。这3个数字告诉你在化肥每种营养素的百分比。例如,通用肥料的典型袋将显示的15-15-15的比例,15%氮气,15%的磷和15%的钾。

第一个数字是氮气,它可以帮助植物产生强劲增长和大量的绿叶树叶。氮是理想的菠菜,但不是西红柿,因为你的植物会产生叶子的丰富并没有太多的水果。

The middle number is phosphorus, and that element is important in the production of blooms and fruit.

的最后一个数字是钾。这是一个好强的根和茎的发展和抗病能力。

WATER
Like people, plants are primarily made up of water. Water transports nutrients throughout the plant and plays an important role in photosynthesis and keeping the plant cool. On average, vegetable plants need about 1/2″ to 1″ of water per week. Moisture should be distributed evenly throughout the bed on a consistent basis.
Soaker Hoses
要做到这一点,我发现透雨软管提供的资金最少的最好的结果。

Just snake the hoses about 18 to 20 inches apart through the bed. When you attach the hose to the water faucet and turn it on, the water “weeps” from the porous sides of the hose. This keeps the soil moist, and the water directed toward the plant’s roots. An easy way to secure the hoses into place is use U-shaped pins made from wire coat hangers.

New soaker hoses can be hard to straighten out, making them unwieldy and difficult to control. Before you try to place them in your beds, stretch them out in the sun. The heat from the sun will soften them and make them easier to work with.

附加设备
我也建议您为您的灌溉系统定时器。这样,您就不必记住要放水和关闭。你的计时器一大早设置为水。这使植物吸收水分白天升温和减少了真菌的问题之前。

If your region experiences frequent or intermittent rain it is also good to have a rain gauge on hand to help you determine if your garden needs supplemental moisture. Over watering can be just as damaging as under watering.

Mulch
To retain moisture and even soil temperature, apply a layer of mulch. It is best to do this after the ground warms in the spring. Otherwise your garden soil will be slow to heat up and many warm season vegetables will falter in cold soil.

地面或碎树皮是个不错的选择,因为它在土壤中很好地打破了地膜覆盖材料。它可以在袋花园中心购买。这是一个好主意,让树皮老化时间在应用之前。A 2“到3”层是足够的。从植物的茎,以防止腐烂保持覆盖掉。

If available, wheat straw is another possibility because it is relatively free of weed seeds. It works especially well as a path material because it is slow to decay. Check for bales at farmer’s co-ops. Straw should be applied in a thin, even layer and checked frequently for snails and slugs because they like it, too.

选择正确的植物FOR YOU
If you have ever browsed through a seed catalog then you know that there is a vast array of vegetables available for planting. There are so many varieties to choose from that it is hard to decide what to select. Fortunately there are a few guidelines you can follow to help narrow the field.
Growing Season
First, determine the growing season that the plant prefers. Vegetable crops can be divided into 2 basic categories – cool season and warm season. What this means is that some plants thrive in the cool temperatures of spring or fall and can survive light frosts, while others should be grown during the warm days of summer.

Now, cool season versus warm season is the broadest label you can apply to vegetables. These two categories can be further classified according to a myriad of other plant characteristics such as frost tolerance, days to maturity and whether it is an annual or a perennial. So after you determine the general growing season and look through the vegetables available for that season, select those that appeal to you and learn as much as you can about your choices.

Short Growing Season?
这里有几个技巧,将帮助你成长的温暖季节的最爱,如西红柿,在凉爽的北方气候。

Get a head start by selecting large sized plants rather than sowing seeds.

Grow vegetables in containers on casters so they can easily be moved indoors in case of late spring or early fall frost.

Select plant varieties with early maturity dates, such as ‘Early Girl’ tomatoes, which mature in 52 days.

霜冻日期和到期日
了解你的区域估计第一和终霜冻日期将帮助您确定您的生长季节的长度。一旦你有这些日期计算出您可以检查您选择,帮助您决定时,他们应种植植物的到期日。到期日指示要求,直到收获天量的估计。你会发现在种子包和植物标签到期日。它是括号之间的数字。

Of course, maturity dates are not set in stone. They are just estimates. You also have to factor in your garden’s individual厨房园林植物的选择提出了床生长条件。

Space
You should consider the size of your kitchen garden when you are selecting plants. Certain vegetables, such as corn, melons and potatoes, require more space than others. However, there are varieties available that are tailored especially for small spaces. Look for terms such baby, dwarf and patio.

And don’t forget vertical space! You can grow many vining plants on trellises and teepees to maximize space.

杂种
Hybrid vegetables are varieties that have been created by cross-pollination with the help of plant breeders rather than natural open pollination. Many people lean toward hybrids, but open pollinated plants can be just as rewarding. One of the perks of open pollinated vegetables is that their seeds will produce plants that are identical to the parents, whereas seeds from a hybrid plant will not reproduce true. I suggest that you experiment to discover what works best for you.

On many plant tags or seed packets you will see that the variety is an F1 hybrid. What this means is that it is a first generation hybrid and should be vigorous grower with good yields.

Heirlooms
Heirloom plants are varieties that have been handed down generation to generation. They are open pollinated and were developed before 1940. I like heirloom plants because it is fun to grow the same varieties that my ancestors, or even Thomas Jefferson and George Washington, planted. Plus, most heirloom plants have persisted through the years because they are high quality.

所有美国选择
When you see a red, white, and blue shield on a seed packet or plant tag, it signifies that the variety is an All American Selection award winner. This means that it has been tested in trial gardens and found to be an outstanding performer for home gardens. AAS awards are given to vegetables, flowers, and bedding plants. You can find AAS award winning varieties that were introduced has far back as 1933.

AAS varieties are a good choice because they are likely to be successful in a wide range of conditions.

WILDLIFE CONTROL
一个菜园的心碎的被发现,你所有的努力已经被当地野生动物洗劫一空。

For moderate problems you can hang area repellents such as bars of soap or bags of hair, but they are only temporary solutions. Once an animal realizes that such an object is not going to do it any harm, the repellent becomes ineffective. It is best to avoid commercial repellents that are sprayed on plants because the chemicals in them may be toxic. You can find non-toxic sprays based on hot pepper, citrus and oil of mustard. Vinegar may also work as well. Spray repellents must be reapplied every 7 to 10 days or after a rain.

An alternative to repellents is behavior modification. Simple electric fencing works well if you do not have children or pets. Another approach is to set up a motion activated sprinkler. The animals get shot with a dose of water when they enter your garden.

Now, if your kitchen garden is repeatedly invaded by foraging animals the best solution is to enclose it with a fence.

For deer, the fence needs to be at least 8′ tall and constructed of a heavy gauge wire. They will push right through chicken wire. I also suggest planting a hedge of deer resistant shrubs about 4′ away from the outside of the fence. Deer are excellent vertical jumpers, but they cannot cover much ground in a single jump, so the hedge will prevent them from leaping over the fence.

A shorter fence can be used if the wildlife is smaller, such as rabbits. Just be sure to select a material that they cannot slip through. To keep out burrowing animals, bury the fence into the ground about 2′ below the surface.

I hope that I have given you enough information to get you started on your kitchen garden. It really all boils down to a few simple ideas – get to know your site, plant in good soil, be consistent about watering and learn as much as you can about the plants you want to grow.

进一步的阅读我建议你由Richard美林和乔·奥尔蒂斯购买园丁的表的副本。这些作者的信息共享将带你从花园与有用的指导和美味的食谱厨房。

要了解澳门金沙在线官网更多关于菜园,看看下面的视频!

Kitchen Garden – Getting Started

I know many gardeners dream about having a kitchen garden, however taking it from fantasy to reality can often be a daunting task. Now, I’m not going to mislead you into thinking that growing vegetables is simple. But if you get a few elements right from the beginning and you don’t bite off more than you can chew, so to speak, the rewards are well worth the effort.

成功的最快途径是发展你的蔬菜框床铺。你还会看到这些床简称为提高病床。kitchen garden getting started raised bed但对于纯粹的,是有区别的。甲垄是由挖掘到地面和修改土壤以产生3'至5'宽,丘状脊纹是在中心高和倾斜在侧面上创建的。框床铺是你建立在地上的顶部,然后添加自己的土壤结构简单的无底盒。所以,从技术上讲一个凸起的床可以诬陷,但陷害床不一定提高。

In my kitchen garden, I have a series of framed beds built from 2″ x 12″ lumber. There are several reasons that I prefer to grow my vegetables in framed beds. The first is that I have heavy clay soil and a framed bed allows me to fill the box with an ideal blend of soil for growing vegetables. A small, framed bed is also easier to weed, water and harvest than long rows of vegetables. Finally, when the soil is above ground level it tends to warm quicker, so I can extend my growing season.To learn how I built my beds click here.

Now, whether you choose to garden in framed beds or prefer to garden in the traditional way, there are some general tips you should consider before you get started.

时间和金钱
你首先应该考虑的两件事情是在你的厨房花园和您的可用资金,你必须工作的时间量。我建议你从小处着手。你总是可以在以后进行扩展。你会惊讶多少,你可以在小空间内产生。

KNOW YOUR GARDEN’S CLIMATE
Frost Dates
When it comes to vegetables it is important to know the average first and last frost dates in your area. This will determine your growing season. Planting schedules for most vegetables can be developed based on these dates. Hold off planting frost tender plants until after the last frost date. But be sure you have enough time before the estimated date of the first autumn frost to be able to produce a crop. Take a look at the seed packages and plant tags to find out how many days are required for the vegetables to produce. For local, reliable advice, contact your area’s Cooperative Extension Service.

USDA Hardiness Zones and AHS Heat Zones
If you are planning to grow vegetables that carry over from one year to the next such as asparagus, you should know your USDA cold hardiness zone. This will help you determine if a plant will survive the winters in your area. You can see the USDA hardiness map这里

美国园艺协会已经开发出耐热性地图指示“天数平均每年一个给定的区域经验热天 - 温度超过86度(摄氏30度)。”如果你住在乡下的热点区域,此信息是非常有用。

Most tags and seed packages will indicate the best growing zones for the plants. But if you don’t see it listed, be sure and ask.

天气
园丁们倾向于观察人士和热心的天气澳门金莎网上网址good reason, weather has a direct effect on your plants. Unless you are a meteorologist, it is not likely that you will be able to predict the weather for the coming growing season, but you do know how it has fared in the past. For instance, I know that my area often experiences a few days of unseasonably cold weather after the last predicted frost date, which in my zone 7 garden is around Easter. Based on this information I always wait until the first of May, when the soil has warmed and I know temperatures will stay above freezing before I put out my tomato transplants.

我也知道,一个典型的夏季天气炎热潮湿,极少量的降雨。别的不说,这告诉我,我需要有一个良好的灌溉系统准备,并选择不容易菌白粉病等,在潮湿的蓬勃发展植物。

如果您不熟悉您所在地区的天气,请与邻居或同事的园丁。你不仅应该了解降雨和温度,而且还问猛烈的澳门金沙在线官网风暴,强风,湿度和共有的区域的任何其他条件。

HAVING THE RIGHT TOOLS
Before you get started, make sure that you have a collection of essential garden tools. One of my favorite go-tos is the Long Handled Cape CodWeeder and Trowel Set从园丁的边缘。你需要让你的花园开始抹子。而且,当谈到时间,锄草,我爱的延伸把手可以更容易地从座位舒适度做这个耗时的任务,如果我需要。

I recommend a watering wand to help cut down on waste and a sharp shooter for digger deeper, precise holes than you can make with a trowel. You can find my list of other recommended garden tools这里

FINDING THE RIGHT SITE
kitchen garden getting started raised bedSunlight
One of the most common mistakes people make is to try to grow vegetables in areas where they don’t get enough sunlight. A successful kitchen garden needs at least 6 to 7 hours of sun per day.

温暖的斑点和冷点
Although people within the same general area experience similar weather conditions, there are areas around your home that have their own microclimates. Temperature and wind are influenced by elements such as valleys, ridges, bodies of water, slopes and available sunlight.

4 Basic Microclimates Around a Home

  • Warm – Southern Sun Facing
  • Warm – Western Afternoon Sun
  • Cool – Northern Shade
  • 中度 - 东早晨的太阳

They are also affected by shifting sunlight and shadows. For instance, the north side of your house will be cooler than the south side of your house. These shifts occur throughout the day and over the course of the seasons as the sun’s path moves in the sky.

Outbuildings and tall hedges can cast shadows to create cool spots in your garden, while brick walls or white fences can warm up an area with reflected light and absorbed heat.

Recognizing where these microclimates are around your house can be a benefit to you. You may decide to plant heat loving vegetables such as tomatoes, squash and peppers in the warmest area of your garden and cool season favorites such as chard, lettuce and spinach in an area that is shaded from afternoon sun.

无障碍
对于你的菜园选择位置时,你应该考虑的最后一个因素是无障碍的水。

Creating a garden, whether it is for vegetables or flowers, takes elbow grease. So you want to ensure that your efforts don’t wither away because it is a difficult chore to get water to the plants. Watering may seem like fun initially, but by August the last thing you will want to do is lug a hose around the garden. Make sure that your kitchen garden is close enough to an outdoor spigot or well that you can set up an efficient watering system. There are all kinds of innovative watering products available, complete with timers, that make watering less of drudgery.

So in review, once you have determined the amount of time and money you have available, the general climate of your region and the best location for your kitchen garden, you are ready to take a pen and paper and draw its shape and size. When designing your garden, keep it simple but don’t restrict yourself to a single square or rectangle. I find inspiration in the kitchen gardens and parterres of old estates such as George Washington’s Mt. Vernon. It is just a matter of seeing a design that you like and scaling it to your site. Just remember, start small in the beginning. As your success and interest grows, you can always add on.

InPart 2 of Starting A Kitchen GardenI discuss soil, irrigation, plant selection and critter proofing.

5种方法把你的花园床到床冬季

14_0855914_0855411_11388Rake On The Wheelbarrow

Prepping your garden beds for winter will make it easier to get a jump start on planting in the spring because working in a soggy, spring bed is a difficult task! It’s far smarter to do that work in the fall when the beds are dry and the weather is nice.

So, if you’re wondering how to tuck your garden beds in for a long winter nap and have them wake up refreshed, start with these five tasks:

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drying chilis

Dry Your Peppers with Ristras

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It’s that time of year, when there’s a chili in the air.

The ristra, a strand of dried peppers commonly seen in the New Mexico area, is a symbol of abundance and hospitality. This time of year, they decorate the walls and doorways of homes and restaurants as peppers air dry on strands of string or twine. Some say drying outside enhances the flavor, but you’ll have to find out for yourself.

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fermentation

发酵101:保留你的蔬菜和您的健康

Fermentation was the original way to preserve the harvest, and it’s very easy, said Cat Swenson, the fermenter-in-chief and managing partner of Great Ferments. It predates canning and pickling, and is even more fool-proof than those. People have been fermenting foods for 7,000 years under some very unsanitary conditions, she said with a laugh, and fermentation can preserve food for longer than you ever thought possible. (Look below to see Cat demonstrate her process to Allen. Or click这里。)

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Cabbage Patch Kid: How a plant inspired one girl to feed needy families

许多年前,邦妮植物三年级白菜计划 - 其中三年级学生都获得了白菜的植物在家里还是在学校或者趋向 - 在南卡罗来纳州的启发一个年轻的学生创建组织养活那些需要的人。

Katie's-Crops-1Katie Stagliano was given a plant in third grade. It grew to be almost 40 lbs! Her cabbage was too big for one family. So, she donated it to a soup kitchen, where it fed more than 275 people. Amazed by how many people her cabbage fed, Katie started a vegetable garden specifically to donate to hungry people in her community. Her initiative continued to grow and expand, and in 2012, at the age of 14, Katie became the youngest person to receive the Clinton Global Citizen Award. She met Matt Damon at the awards ceremony!

Katie's-Crops-2如今,她的创始人兼首席执行官园丁Katie’s Krops, a nonprofit organization that continues to grow food to feed the needy. Offering grants to students and schools, her organization has expanded into 51 gardens run by kids in 21 states. Those gardens produce thousands of pounds of healthy produce for families. We are so inspired by what Katie is doing, and to think it all started with a small cabbage plant donation.

邦妮植物三年级白菜计划是在美国各地开办学校。该计划旨在连接孩子他们的食物和性质。有时,白菜长大到50磅!校长和教师can register here。工厂将最优交货时间your growing zone. Once the cabbages are grown, classrooms can submit entries for a chance to win a $1,000 scholarship. Seeprevious winners here。Warning: They’re adorable.

Health Benefits of Your 5 Favorite Vegetables

这是一个完美的时间,以植物蔬菜,如西红柿,黄瓜,西葫芦多,一个大夏收。没有什么比走出你的花园选择一个成熟,新鲜番茄切片了当天晚上的菜单更加喜人。自产自销的蔬菜味道比什么,你会发现在超市,并负载大维生素和营养物质更好。下面是一些我最喜欢从我土生土长的采种和他们惊人的健康益处。

“Aspabroc',婴儿,西兰花

“Aspabroc”宝贝西兰花
This early spring or fall crop resembles a broccoli raab with an asparagus stem and offers a mild taste. Aspabroc is easy to grow and requires little space. It is fat-free, cholesterol free, very low sodium, and an excellent source of vitamin A and vitamin C.

Tomatoes

Tomatoes – All varieties!
这美味,可口的水果总是在我的菜园欢迎。西红柿有各种形状和大小,由小樱桃番茄完美的沙拉到大,结实的人,你只是想切片而食之。它们在钠,饱和脂肪和胆固醇低,是维生素E,硫胺素,烟酸,维生素B6,维生素A和膳食纤维的良好来源。作为优良的源
of vitamin C and other antioxidants, tomatoes can help combat the formation of free radicals known to cause cancer.

夏南瓜

“奋进”西葫芦
This summer squash is a great addition to salads, pasta, pizza—just about any dish really! It has a versatile flavor and is low in saturated fat, sodium, and cholesterol. It is a good source of protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, Thiamin, Niacin and dietary fiber.

‘Peppermint’ Swiss Chard
This colorful greenery packs a powerful nutritional punch. One cup provides more than 700 percent of your daily vitamin K, and more than 200 percent of daily vitamin A. Swiss chard is rich in the antioxidants alpha and beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and choline.

“MIZ美国芥末
Miz America mustard is not only delicious, but it is absolutely beautiful. The taste is pleasantly mild, without bitter or spicy notes, and it maintains its gorgeous color even at a mature stage. Packed full of immune-boosting vitamin C, folate, and iron, these are sure to please your taste buds and your body.

For more information on where to purchase these delicious and nutritious veggies, visit my collection page这里

是什么原因导致番茄破解?

What causes tomatoes to burst while growing?

Tomatoes can burst or crack when the plants go through a dry spell and then receive excessive moisture. The water causes the fruit to expand faster than the outer skin can grow so it splits. These cracks often radiate or encircle the stem.

It’s pretty easy to prevent your tomatoes from cracking. Just give them consistent moisture, especially when the fruits are forming. A layer of mulch will help keep the soil evenly moist.

You can also try varieties that are breed to be less prone to cracking. A few crack resistant tomatoes include Cherry’s Delight, Creole FA, Mountain Pride VFF, Marglobe, Peron and Red Calabash.

Cracked tomatoes are edible. They don’t keep very long and should be eaten quickly, but that’s not much of a problem for a homegrown tomato, is it?

How to Treat Blossom End Rot

每年我都试着用小succ种植西红柿ess. The undersides always turn flat and black. A neighbor told me they had blossom end rot. What causes this problem and how can I prevent it?

Blossom end rot is a deficiency of calcium. The problem starts at the bottom of the tomato as a pale, brown spot that turns black and flattens the bottom of the fruit making it look most unappetizing. It’s certainly no tomato I would want to eat. We’ve all heard the old adage, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." There are several things you can do to prevent blossom end rot from destroying your tomatoes.

Planting.当你种植番茄添加一些碎鸡蛋shells to the planting hole. This will add calcium to the soil.

Watering.Another condition that seems to contribute to blossom end rot is irregular levels of moisture in the soil. Tomato plants take in nutrients, including calcium, through moisture. Inconsistent watering deprives them of these nutrients. So water regularly, every 4 to 7 days is usually sufficient. During droughts or if you are gardening in containers you may need to water every day. To prevent leaf diseases, water the soil, not the leaves, keeping the foliage as dry as possible. To keep the soil consistently moist, cover it with a 2 to 3 inch layer of mulch. You’ll find this also helps keep weeds down. Keep the mulch away from the stem of the plant.

Spraying.现在,这些事情你能为你做的植物在种植的时候,或者当他们年轻。一旦植物成熟一点,实际设置的水果,你可以做的另一件事是液体钙喷洒。这是很容易在园艺中心和苗圃。只要按照标签上的说明,并直接喷在植株上。